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Knowledge Base  

This Brochure is intended to give you information on Merchant Shipping and help you to choose your future career in ships a career which is professionally sound and satisfying, Merchant Shipping means trading in commercial commodities such as general cargo Industrial goods Oil Tanker Chemical Tanker, liquid cargo, live stocks, gas etc. Which are transported by sea going ships on International waters between various countries of the world. This is primarily a male oriented career, although there is no legal bar for females taking up this profession.

The career provides an opportunity for person to visit and acquaint with nationals of various countries and learn many things highly demand for Indian seafarers in international market

Our goal is to educate the youth of India about merchant navy to make a career on sea in this regard we conducted one day seminar on awareness on merchant navy in Srinagar on 29th June 2009  most of the youth from these three state Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh  & Sikkim,  not aware about merchant navy, most of  the youth   benefited  from employment in merchant navy except these three states

Before taking up a job on a merchant ship it is necessary that the candidates should undergo training, the objective being the safe and efficient operation of the ship by trained men’s. The ships of today are highly sophisticated and technology intensive and naturally manning ships with men of professional ability and dedication to duty is imperative.

The training in India covers G.P. Rating course, Deck Cadet and engine  cadet, All this courses are conducted as per guidelines framed by The Directorate General of shipping in co-ordination with Indian Maritime  University and therefore the candidates get trainings of exceptionally  high standards, Even Ships officers are  of shipping in co-ordination with Indian Maritime  University and therefore the candidates get trainings of exceptionally high standards, Even Ships officers are made to go through very  high quality syllabus where after they are required to pass written and oral examination. These examinations are conducted by MMD in the presence of  a  panel of  LBS/MMD  consisting of DG Nautical Surveyor in the case of Deck officer and Engineer surveyor in the case of Engineers, in view of this background, Indian seafarers are the most sought after in the Shipping  Industry worldwide. Needless to say Indian seafarers are in high demand and are highly paid.

One more thing we wish to bring to your knowledge is that Merchant Shipping is one of the most secure Industries in the world market. The Directorate General of Shipping has ensured that no seafarers will face any problem after serving on board a vessel. The Directorate has introduced a uniform and transparent procedure enabling them to keep a watch on the function of a recruiting agency. They have made it mandatory for all the manning and management companies to submit their application in the first place to get the recruitment and placement license. The procedure for issue of such a license involves a checking by The Director, Seaman’s employment office to find on whether the applicant Manning Agent is fulfilling The Directorate General of Shipping guidelines or not.  The Semen’s Employment office have appointed Indian Register of Shipping whose surveyor visits the Manning Agent  office and strictly checks the manning producer, company manuals etc. It is only on their being satisfied that The Manning Agent functions strictly as per the guidelines of The Directorate General of  Shipping, The Surveyor of The Indian Register of Shipping submits his favorable report  with the copy to Seamen’s Employment office. This whole procedure is also  to ensure whether any Foreign or  Indian principal who has placed an order for manning their vessel has fully insured the vessel or  not as also the validity of insurance to secure the welfare of crew as well as their next of kin.

There is one more body to look after the welfare of crew members and that is National     Union of Seafarers of India. They constantly keep a check on whether the crews on board vessel get proper hygienic food or not, whether they get proper wages in time, etc. It not they immediately hold the Manning Agent to find  out the reason. Even in eventualities            like failure of ships engine, problems of piracy on high seas, the   NUSI, immediately take up the matter with local government as will as international Transport federation (ITF) to take care of The situation and to ensure safety of crew on board the ship. This organization (NUSI) also looks medical expenses of seafarer and their family, sponsor their children’s education and generally extend financial support to their members till last day of their life. Apart from NUSI  there is one more organization Sena Seamen’s Union of India- which is sincerely dedicated to attend to the grievance of seaman and help to secure their legitimate rights, irrespective of whether the seaman are their members or not. This organization too is an approved member of ITF.

All in all a career on sea is very attractive, remunerative as also safe and secure. The entire set up is under the care of Governmental Departments to ensure welfare of seafarers. The Merchant shipping sector offers golden opportunities’ for educated youth to make a wonderful career for life.


There are two separate branches:

A) Deck Cadet / Engine Cadet

B) G. P. Rating / C) Saloon Rating

Deck Cadet / Engine Cadet:  This  course  will  lead  directly  to Officer  Grade. Candidate  must take  Science,  Mathematics  &  English  during 10 + 2 and pass with  minimum 55% marks, than he will be eligible  to  get  admission  for  said  course. Age limit is maximum 25 years. This course is  for  12 Months, conducted by Indian govt. recognized University commencing  from 1st. February  and 1st. August every year.  After Passing this course he is  eligible  to  join  on  the  vessel as  a deck cadet   or engine cadet. SC/ST will be 3 years relaxation for age.

After  completion  of  course  candidate  can  join the vessel and after getting 18 months ship sailing experience he will attend all advance courses and GMDSS in the case of deck cadet and they can appear for Second Mate/ Class IV Engineer examination.

G.P. Rating:  Pass  in 10th standard from  a  recognized  Board  with  Science, Mathematics   and English  as  subjects. Candidates  should  have  40%  in  aggregate  in  10th standard and (40% in English either in 10th or in +2.

Must  have   completed   17 ½  years  and  must  be  below  25 years  of  age  as  on  date  of commencement of course.

All  the  candidates  should be physically fit for the sea service as per Merchant Shipping Act (Medical Examination for Seafarers) Rules, 2000. Eyesight should be 6/6 with normal vision – no colour blindness and height – 158 cm, weight – more than 50 kgs.

Following documents require while taking admission:

4 - Attested copies of School leaving Certificate.

4 - Attested copies of S.S.C. / higher Certificate.

4 - Attested copies of S.S.C. / higher Mark sheet.

4 - Recent colour photographs. (Size: 40 mm X 30 mm).

2 - Attested copies of Birth Certificate

Any other Certificates apart from higher educations.

All the copies should be attested by School / College Principal only

Pass Port is must while taking admission or Pass Port application submission receipt.

This  course commencing from 1st. January and 1st. July every year.

 After completion  of  training  candidate can  join the vessel and after getting 18 months ship sailing  experience you can  appear for  Second Mate  written examination  and  can complete   advance   courses   and   GMDSS   for  deck  candidate   only.  Your    orals examination you can attend once ship sailing experience complete total 36 months.

Saloon Rating:-  To  join  this  course  candidate must pass 10th. Standard Exam with 40% marks in English subject. This course is  for six  month commencing from 1st. January and 1st. July and became Maritime Catering Boy.


There are several other options to join the engine department:

A)  ITI Trade Certificate -  ITI Trade Certificate of two years full time duration in Engineering trades passed out from ITI  approved by NCVT or State Technical Education Boards, and approved by Directorate General of  employment Training (DGET),can also apply. They can join as Fitters. First batch commencing from July, 2011.

B)  Apprenticeship from the naval  dockyard/machinist coast  guard/Indian Navy can enter on taking Part A  of  the  Marine  engineer Class IV exam. They can join as junior engineers.

C)  BE  Electrical/Electronic  followed by 18 months training  in  approved  marine workshops, basic  safety  courses  and  Part A  of  Marine  Engineering  Class  IV  exam  can  join  the  engine department.

D)  Diploma   holder   in    Mechanical/Ship building/Electrical  Marine   engineering   branches followed  by  2 years  marine  workshop  training, MEO  Part  A  exam  and  basic  safety  courses join as junior engineers or can join 2 year trainee marine engineering course.

E)  XII with PCM and English with 50% can enter through 4 year workshop training route with 60%  marks  in  the  Marine  Engineering  course. They  undergo  3 year  course  at  an  approved   institute and  become  associate  members  of  the  Institution  of Engineers  and  join  merchant  vessels  as  junior engineers. They complete sea time and  take relevant  courses  and   give   the   Class IV   Certificate of   Competency examination.

F)  Engineers from any discipline can do a one year marine engineering course from a training institution.

G)  BE Ship   building/Ship Architecture (4 yrs.)  entitles  candidates  to  join  2 year trainee  marine  engineering  course. BE  Mech/Ship Architecture  with 50% can join 1 year trainee marine engineering course.

H)  Candidate cross his age above 25 years and he can speak English well  than  he can join U.K. GMDSS Course and STCW, 95 advance courses and he can apply for  Indian CDC which will help candidate to join Merchant Navy as Radio Officer or Ships clerk or ordinary seamen.


1.An  understanding  of  the  duties  of  a   rating   on  board, the   ship’s  daily  routine  and operations on the ship.

2.  Practical  knowledge  of  handling  ropes, blocks, tackles, rigging  and the basics of cargo work and stowage.

3. Basic knowledge of the ship’s compass, steering orders and hints on steering.

4. Basic Engineering knowledge, watch keeping duties and maintenance.       

5. Familiarization with tools, equipment and instruments used on board ship.

6. Safety point of view Knots are important and same you will learn in safety period.

7.  On a  boat, knots  seem  to  give  way  at  the  worst time. The winds are up. The seas are rising; your sloop is close  hauled to slip around the breakwater to safety when your sheet parts company with your jib and you start  to slip leeward  into the rocks. While there are many knots used on board boats and ships, these basics will  enable to you to handle 98% of what is needed for recreational boating.

8. Practical  workshop  training  in  basic  carpentry, machine  shop, electrical  shop,  diesel   maintenance shop   and   hot  work. The  principles   of   survival  at   sea, The  importance  and principles  of  safety, following  safe working  practices, accident  prevention  and prevention of pollution of the sea.                                                 

9. Elementary knowledge of the principles of fire fighting.

10. Knowledge of elementary first-aid.

11. The importance of good discipline.

Apart from above following practicals will be given during the training period:

1       Personal Survival Techniques (P.S.T).

2.     Personal Safety & Social Responsibilities (P.S.S.R).

3.     Elementary First Aid (E.F.A.).

4.     Fire Prevention & Fire Fighting (F.P.F.F.).

5.     Oil Tanker Familiarization Course (O.T.F.C.).


After  successful  completion  of   Pre-sea   Training,  STCW   Modular   Courses,   a  Candidate  is awarded  with following   Certificates  and  Documents  on  behalf  of  D.G.  Shipping,  Govt.  of India :

1.Course Completion Certificate for Pre-sea Training Course.

2.Individual Certificate for all STCW Modular Courses.

3.Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC)

CDC  for  a  seafarer  is  the  most  important  document  which  is  an identity of Indian Seafarer to  sail   on various   categories   of   Ships, engaged   in   Coastal/Foreign   waters. It  is  also  an evidence   and   report   of entire  tenure  of   sea  service  of   a  seafarer. It   is   mandatory  for seafarers  in  order  to  serve on board any ship. The Institute arranges for the issuance of Indian CDC  for  its  candidates  on  successful  completion  of  the entire  training. The  Indian CDC will be  issued  by   the   Shipping   Master,  Mercantile    Marine   Department, Mumbai,  under  the directive of  The Directorate  General  of  Shipping  to  the  trainees  of  Indian Nationality.  Once you get these documents in hand than candidate can eligible to join Merchant Navy.


Merchant  Navy  is  one  of  the  few  careers  where  the  salary  is  relatively  high. It  can  range anywhere  between  Rs. 12000  to  Rs.8 lakhs  per  month though  the  pay  structure differ from company  to  company, city to city, the export-import  needs, seniority  etc. all crew and officers  are  given free meals  on  board and senior officers can take along their  wives  for   the  voyage. Usually emolument in a foreign  vessels   are  higher specially   the   West European, U.S and the Gulf.  Every  officer  and   crew   of   the  merchant  navy  working  on  board  a   vessel   which  is carrying foreign cargo is entitled to 75% of his net earnings in foreign exchange.

Life  in   merchant  navy  can  be  adventurous  for  all  those  with  wanderlust. The  long  period of  solitude notwithstanding, the  opportunity to  see the world and get paid while doing so, just cannot be argued away.

Future Prospects

Further  we would like to bring to your kind information that throughout your  life you need not have  to sail  on  ships  after  some  experience   you  deck  officers  and  marine  engineers  they have facility that if they wish to settle down in a shore job in this case you will compromise with the wages.  Options for various marine related jobs as follows:

1. Surveyors   and  Examiners   employed  by  Government of  India (Mercantile  Marine Department, Indian Registry of Shipping and Directorate General of Shipping).

2. Surveyors in various Classification Societies.

3. Surveyors   in   various   private   organizations   for  settlement  of  insurance  claims, damage assessment and cargo calculations, etc.

4. Trainers  in various Director General of Shipping approved private Institutes.

5. Deck Officers also can join as a Pilots employed by Port Trust in Major Ports.

6. Technical  Superintendents  many  private companies offer to look after various type of  work i.e. chartering, brokering, fixture of ships to carry cargo, sale and purchase of ships, ships operation and ships manning.

We  have  now  seen  different  type  of   material  carried  through  water  way  and   for   which deferent   types  of   Ships  they   require   accommodating   the  type   of  materials  as   well  as passengers  and  therefore  there  are  many  types of Ships you will find and they are as  follow:


BULK CARRIER:  Which  take  one  cargo  in  Bulk quantity, such as Sugar, Salt, Cement, Iron ore, Phosphorous, Stones etc…

  GENERAL CARGO: Which  carry  many  type  of material  at  a  time, i.e. Pipes,  Electrical  goods, Food, Steel Sheets etc...
CONTAINER CARRIER: Cargo  takes  in  the  container and  it is arranging port wise order to able to discharge without losing time factor.   LIVE STOCK CARRIER: Which  carry  live  animals  and  accordingly  cages  are  on board the Ship
REFRIGERATED CARGO SHIP: This type of Ship carry vegetables, fruits, meat &   fish.    FISHING SHIP: This type of Ship  used for catching fish in high sea.
CAR CARRIER: Which carry nearly 2000 numbers of cars, trucks etc. Some time there is arrangement of taking passengers also.   PASSENGER SHIP:  Which   carry   more   than  2000  passengers, they  provide  accommodation according  to  types  like  a  five  star  hotel, Swimming  pools, types  of   restaurant on the board the ship and many types of shops.
CRUDE CARRIER: Which carry  Crude  Oil  and for which tanks are having heating system so that Oil cannot get frozen.   PRODUCT CARRIER: Which  carry  edible  as  well  as  petroleum product.
CHEMICAL CARRIER: This Ship carries different types of Chemicals in the tank.   GAS CARRIER: This vessel carries different types of Gases.

In addition to above there are following Ships which are used in Oil field are as follow:

 Oil Field – In India as well as overseas water lot of projects are coming up to extract gasses, oil etc. for which supporting Ships are used and they are known as:

1) Offshore Supply Ships,
2) Platform Support Ships,
3) Anchor Handling Ships,
4) Dynamic Position Ships,
5) Crane Ships,
6) Crew Boat,
7) Accommodation Ships,
8) Multi Purpose Ships.

Supply Ships: - Which carry  Water, Barites, Cement  and  Fuel Oil  in  the  tank. They  also  carry Platform/ Rigs required material on the deck.   Platform  Support  Ships: -  Which  always   remain  near  the  platform  and   help   platform   to handover the goods.
Anchor Handling Ships:- In  mid  sea Platforms, Rigs, Drilling ships are remain fixed position due to the anchors which some time move due to heavy water waves so this type of  ship help them to bring back in the position.   Dynamic Position Ships: These ships remaining in one position in mid sea and conducting job of welding, cable lying, pipe lying and under water survey.
Crane Ships: - Which assist  to leave  any  type of  material from Platforms/ Rigs/ Drilling Ship to Supply Ship or vice versa.   Crew Boat: - Which  assist  project  personal, offshore field assistance to transport to around oil field area as well as shore.
Accommodation  Ships:- This  ship   used   for  Offshore   Project   work  where  more  than  100 personals  are  staying  like  a  five  star  hotel, there  will  be two to three workshop stations are kept, two heavy lifters are kept and also pipe lying stratures are kept.   Multi Purpose Ship: - These ships are used like Accommodation Ship.

All  these Ships are  manned  with 6  to 12 number of  Officers  and  8 to 14  numbers of seamen working on board the vessel.

Generally  working  hours are  8 Hrs. on  duty  and 8 Hrs. rest period or some cases 6 Hrs. duties and  6 Hrs. rest  period. In case  of emergency  you may  have  to  work for 24 hrs or continue as requires.


Deck Officers :  - The  officers   from   this   branch   primarily  look   after   the  ships  navigation, loading/unloading  of  cargo  and   the  general  maintenance  and   administration  of   the  ship. The  officer joins  in the  rank  of  3rd officer  and  is  subsequently promoted to  the rank of 2nd officer,  Chief   Officer  and   finally  the  Master  of   the  ship. Off   course, the   promotions  are subject  to  the  individual passing  his  competency  exams  and  his  performance  onboard  the ship. In  addition  to   navigation   duties, normally  a   3rd  Officer   looks   after   the   life  saving appliances, 2nd  Officer   the  passage  planning  and   the  navigation  equipment, medicine and health  related  issue, the  Chief  Officer  looks  after  the  loading  and  discharging  of cargo and  the  Master is the overall  in-charge of  the  ship.                       

Master:  Over all  in  charge  of  the Ship. The captain ensures  that  the ship complies with  local   and  International laws as  well  as  company  policies. The  captain  is  ultimately responsible for  aspects  of  operation such as the safe navigation of the ship, its cleanliness  and seaworthiness, safe handling  of  all  cargo, management of all personnel and maintaining the ship's certificates and documentation.


Chief Officer:  Second   in  charge  of   the  Ship  Navigation (Driving)  4 Hrs.  duration.  As   cargo officer, a chief mate  oversees   the  loading,  stowage,   securing  and    unloading   of  cargoes. Moreover  the   chief   mate  is accountable   for   the  care  of  cargo  during  the   voyage. This includes  a  general  responsibility  for  the ship’s stability  and  special care for cargoes that are dangerous, hazardous or   harmful.
Second Officer: A  second  mate  is  almost   always  a  watch  keeper   in   port   and  at  sea the second mate is  responsible  to  the captain for  keeping the ship, its crew, and its cargo safe for  eight  hours  each. He is also known as  navigation  officer, who plots courses and takes celestial and  terrestrial  fixes. In  peacetime  he is  the communications officer  but  the  naval officer in charge  of  the  armed  guard  crew  is   rapidly assuming those duties  because  many   of  the messages  now   received  are  in   secret  code. The  second  mate  also handles   the after deck when tying up.

Third Officer:This  category  always  keeps  duty along  with  the  Master.  He  is  responsible for all  life-saving equipment. In  addition, the third mate keeps the ship’s log, follows the captain’s orders, and  assists  in  the navigation of  the  vessel. In  port, he  will  assist  or  supervise in the loading and  discharging  of  cargo. His place  is  on  the  bridge  with  the  captain while docking.

A  seaman  may  start  the  process  of  attaining  a  license  after  three   years  of  service  in the deck department  on  ocean  steam   or  Motor  Vessels, at   least   six   months  of  which  as  an  Able  Seamen. Then  the  seaman   takes  required  training  courses,  and  completes  on-board training.


Radio  Officers :  The  Radio   Officers   looks  after   all    the   electronic    communication    and meantime related  records. In  addition, he also  looks after  electronic  Navigation  aids such as measuring  devices, long range   navigation   equipment  and   global   positioning   system  etc. However,  electronic   navigation   aids such   as   radar, depth this  category  of  personnel  has been  almost  phased  out  and  their  duties passed over  to other deck officers.  To be qualified as  Radio  Officer  an  individual  need  to attend a  two week GMDSS course. However now days the  job  prospects are  very  limited  as  Captain, Chief  Officer  and  Third  Officer are qualify for Radio Officer job




                                    DECK                      ENGINE                    CATERING
                                       I                                I                                   I
                                CH. OFFICER        2nd ENGINEER          CATERING OFFICER
                                       I                               I                                  I
                                2nd OFFICER        3rd ENGINEER               CHIEF COOK 
                                       I                               I                                  I      
                                3rd OFFICER         4th ENGINEER          GENERAL STEWARD
                                       I                               I
                                 BOSUN                      OILER
                                       I                               I
                                     A.B.                        WIPER


Ratings:  - There   are   three  kinds   of  ratings - deck, engine  room  and  catering. Deck  rating is  responsible for  cargo  handling, mooring/ unmooring and  general maintenance of the ship. Similarly   the   engine   room ratings   assist   the  engineering   officers   in   maintenance   and operation of engines  and associated equipment. The catering crew consists of  Steward/Cooks  and  as  the  name  suggests, they  look  after   the catering and  the  house keeping of officer’s  cabin.

Deck Crew:


Bosun:  He  takes  the  daily  routine  work  order  from  Master  and   distributes   the  work to   his  subordinate hands.

A. B. :  Must  be  able  to  perform  any  deck  duties  aside  from  the actual navigation of the vessel. In general his  duties include  the ability  to  splice  wire  or  fiber line, to  work  aloft  and over the  side of  the  ship, to operate  the  deck  machinery such as the windlass or winches, to paint  and  mix  paint, to  know  the  principles of  cargo  stowage, to be a good wheelsman and competent  lookout, to  overhaul  and  install  any  running or standing  rigging on the ship, and to be able to sew, repair and mend canvas.

The A.B.  must be a competent and  certified  life boatman, able to  handle a lifeboat under oars or  sail. He must  know  lifeboat  equipment  and  be  able  to  assume  the  duties  of   the  man in charge  of  the lifeboat. It  will also be the duty of the AB to maintain the bridge in a clean and shipshape condition.

O.S. : Ordinary  Seamen member  of  the   deck  department.  They are supporting hands on the vessel,  whose duties actually  are  to  assist  the  able  seaman. In reality, however, he is the deck utility  man  and  may  be  called upon to do any one of many tasks.


The  ordinary  may  be called  upon  to stand a lookout, to scale  and chip paint, to paint, handle lines  in  the mooring of the ship, and to assist in the actual tying up and letting go of the vessel. The ordinary also assists in the  handling and operation of all deck gear such as topping, cradling and  housing  of  booms  and  he  may  also be  asked  to  aid  the  carpenter in  repair work. It is likely that the ordinary may be allowed to act as helmsman, to read the draft markings or to act as cargo watch in the loading and discharging of cargo.

Calling the  watch (the awakening of men, including officers, who are  slated  to  go on  watch or to so remind them if they are awake) is another of the important duties of the ordinary. He also assists  in  emergency  drills (lifeboat, abandon ship and  fire)  and  keeps  the passageways  and heads in shipshape condition on the 4 to 8 watch. He may also work aloft or over the side.

In  addition  to  doing  temporary   or  permanent   wood  construction  aboard   ship  with  hand tools, he  is responsible for  the operation of  the anchor windlass, seeing that hatch wedges are driven  properly, that  the deck  cargo  is properly lashed and that the hatch battens are in place and secure.

The carpenter also  repairs  blocks, keeps the  lifeboat  davits in good order, builds temporary or permanent partitions, shores  or  braces  weakened or damaged bulkheads, rigs a collision mat, builds a soft patch in the event of bulging or collision, replaces broken rivets and he will assume command of an emergency crew to repair damage in event of a collision.


Engine Room: - These  are   the  officer   who  is  qualified  in  Marine  Engineering. They  join  as  4th  Engineer and   step   by  step, get   promoted  to  3rd,  2nd  and  Chief  Engineer, subject  to their   passing  the competency  exams  and   performance  onboard  the  ship. The  Engineering department  in  addition  to   looking after  the  main  engines  is also responsible for associated equipment   like  power  generation  equipment,  cargo pumps  and  air – conditioning  etc. The Fourth Engineer  is  responsible for  operation and  maintenance of engine room auxiliaries. The Third   Engineer  for   fuel, water  and   the   boiler  room  equipment. The  Second  Engineer for lubricating  the  system, engine  room  auxiliaries, and  electric  equipment. In  addition, there is an electrical officer, who is responsible for the electrical equipment.

Chief Engineer:  He  is  over all  in  charge of  Main Engine  & Auxiliary  Machinery, other related machinery  & the  cooling  system  on  the board  of  the  Vessel. He  is  also  responsible  at  the time to monitor  Propulsion system while  vessel is sailing.

Second  Engineer:  He  is   also  responsible  like  Chief  Engineer  to  monitor   Main  Engine  and other related auxiliary  machinery.

Third Engineer:  The  Third  Engineer  is  usually   in  charge  of   boilers,  fuel,  auxiliary  engines, condensate and  feed  systems, and   is   the  third   most   senior  marine   engineer   on  board. Depending  on  usage, The   Second  Engineer  or  Third  Engineer  is  also  typically  in  charge  of fueling   granted   the   officer   holds a valid   Person  In  Charge  endorsement for fuel transfer operations.

Fourth Engineer: He is assisting to Chief Engineer during his watch.

Trainee Electrical Officer's Course (Approved by D.G.Shipping)

This    training  programmed   prepares   Electrical, Electronic  Engineers  to   be   employable  on merchant ships  as  Electrical  Officers. After  serving  a  stipulated  period  on ships and passing  the  COC   exams,  they can    become   Chief  Engineer   of   Merchant   Navy   ships.  Successful  candidates  are  eligible  for Campus Placements  in  leading  shipping companies.

ITI  Three  years   training  candidate  also  can  join  merchant navy after completing four senior Courses as  per STCW” 95  standards. In  this  case  candidate  will  be selected by company and Sponsor for training to get knowledge of Generators, Deep freezers, Air condition, Inverter and  Converter  circuit  and  after  successful training  they will  give  sponsorship letter for obtaining CDC Book from Shipping Master, Mumbai.

Electrical Officer:   Is  responsible  for the functioning  and  handling  of  all electrical equipment  onboard  the vessel  such  as   maintenance   of  Generators, Deep   freezers, Air  condition  and  total Electrical system  on deck, accommodations and engine room.

Engine Crew: 

Oiler:   An  oiler  is   a  worker   whose main   job  is   to   oil   machinery. As   a  member   of   the engineering department, the  oiler  operates  and  maintains  the propulsion and other systems onboard the vessel. The oiler's watch at sea is of four hours, with eight hours off in between. In port  on  some  vessels, his  duties  consist of day work, while on other vessels his watch is eight hours long, with sixteen hours off in between.

During  his  watch, the  oiler  is  probably called upon to do one or all of the following. Pump out the  bilges, pump up  fresh water  or  ballast  tanks, keep an eye on the water level in the boilers and  on  the  fireman, take temperatures  of  the  stack,  sea  water,  filter  box, and  feed  water for entrance into the logbook, keep oil wiped up off the floor plates and gratings, and on some ships he has a station to keep clean.

In port his work consists mainly of oiling the auxiliaries, and in assisting in the maintenance and repair of the plant. He may be called upon to oil and watch the cargo winches during the night if the cargo is being worked at that time.


Wiper:  A  wiper  is   the   most   junior   crew   member   in  the  engine  room  of  a  ship. He  do  cleaning  job in  engine  room  and  helping  Oiler  & Duty  Officer  in  their routine maintenance work. He is an all-around worker in  the Engine Department of  an oil-fired vessel. His is the only position   open   in   that  department   for  beginners   and   others  not  qualified   in   the  more responsible ratings. The wiper  washes paintwork, chips, scrapes, paints, and performs  all those various duties tending to maintain the machinery spaces in a clean condition.

Where  overhauling  and  repair  work of  boilers  and  machinery  is  carried on, the wiper helps in  various  ways, and  it  is  through the  knowledge  that  he  gains  while  doing  this  work that he prepares himself for advancement.

Since he is first, last, and  always a seaman, he should be familiar with nautical terms. He should realize  the importance  of  emergency  drills, know  his stations  in  each, and  be  able  to  fulfill his  part  should  the necessity  arise  to  combat fire or abandon ship. As an engine department worker  he  should  have  an  interest in  mechanics, and  be  familiar  with  the  names  and the purposes of all the units in the power plant of the vessel.

Generally he  is  a  day  worker, and is not assigned to a watch. He should, as quickly as possible, familiarize himself with the hazards of using oil fuels, and operating pressure vessels.


FITTER / WELDER:   These   category   are   kept   on   board   the   vessel  for  day  to  day maintenance and  they are  working  on  Deck as  well  as  in  Engine Room it  is   Depend on   Master/ Chief   Engineer  discretion. On   offshore   vessel  these  Category  are  used as  Oiler  cum Fitter  as  there  is  restricted  accommodation.

Apart   from  above   two   main  departments  there   is   one more department in called Saloon Department, by word  Saloon you  must  have  remember  Barber  which please not to confuse. This  department, look  after  Food &  Beverage  and  Hospitality. Some  company   keeps  three hands or some company keeps two hands as below:

Chief Cook/ Cook: The  chief  cook   directs   and   participates   in   the  preparation  and serving  of  meals; determines  timing   and   sequence  of   operations  required to  meet serving  times; he  men  usually  arise  at 0530  to  start  breakfast  and have rest periods between   meals. In  evenings,  after  supper, a  cold  meal  of sandwiches  and  coffee  is prepared for the night watch.

He also supervises the maintenance and operation of the galley and living and eating quarters of the officers and crew. He orders the supplies for the department and plans the meals. It is also his job to keep a record of all meals served on board.

Mess  men  may  be  assigned  to  the  officer  mess  room  or  saloon  mess. Duties  there are to maintain the saloon and to  serve  meals. The mess man serves the Captain, Chief Mate, Second Mate,   Third  Mate,  Chief Engineer,  First  Engineer,  Second  Engineer, Third  Engineer,  Junior Engineer, Deck  or  Engine  Cadets, if any, Ship's  Clerk, Radio  Operators, Armed  Guard Officer, and  Chief  Steward. The number of officers  varies  according  to  different  types of vessels.


Safety – To   be   safely   stowed,  provisions   should   be   protected  from  weather,  dampness, heat, crushing, evaporation and vermin.

Cleanliness – The   cleanliness   of   ice   boxes   must   be   maintained. This    factor   cannot   be overemphasized. When  provisions  are   removed   from   chill   boxes,  refrigerators,  vegetable lockers  and  fish boxes, these  spaces  should  be  thoroughly  cleaned  and  put  into shipshape condition to receive the next lot of stores. This is usually done just before arrival in port.

The above all  categories  are  provided accommodation some time it is separate or in the group of  two  or  four  in the  case  of  Seamanship. There  are  Toilets  some  case  it   is   separate  or for group.